17 Feb Werewolves
“A warrior knows death is always a hair’s breadth away, but he doesn’t dwell on the possibility of his death when he goes into battle. A warrior just fights. He fights to protect his family, his home, his people, himself, and often, the good of man. The wolf never gives a passing thought to the possibility of his death. For the wolf, he will fight to the end if need be, solely to defend his territory. Neither of these things are necessarily a reason to enter into battle when you are already weakened. They just are what they are. They live in a warrior’s heart, in a wolf’s heart. And both, for me, are in my heart.”
― D.C. Grace, The Sacred Oath: Book One of The Guardians Series
There lucking in the trees, look under the light of the full moon, a fast shape moves along the leaves, barely a sound. It sniffs the air, it might be a man, yet it is not, it long snout, fanged blooded snout. That is no man; that is beast. There listen as it sings to the moon, claiming yet another in her honor. Shush, now we make our way out of these cursed woods before that thing is upon us.
The werewolf: the cursed human who, through some great sin, now finds himself consumed with unearthly strength and savagery poised in the light of the full moon, his hands enlarged and clawed. His body covered in fur, and his teeth now a complete set of canines.
Historically the man-beast has been part of cultural imagination since people sat together telling tales. The man beasts’ children of the gods were always part of the shared ideas. Mythologies such as the Egyptian pantheon presented the half-figure in godly roles. Anubis was jackal-headed over a humanoid body. The minotaur, a humanoid half-bull creature of the labyrinth, dwelled as a flesh-hungry creature ready to devour would-be heroes.
Then some shamanistic cultures sought the beast in spirit quests that promised many shamans greater insight into the spirit world. Depending on the geographical location, certain animals were more prone to populate a specific area. The Shamanistic quest for the Lacota Indian would significantly differ from the spirit quest embarked by the medicine man in the Amazon.
Suppose the vampire is a way for humanity to try to give rise to an idea of life after death, no matter how cursed it is. The werewolf attempts to explain the extreme horror and violence a person can inflict on his fellow man. The old adage; No man could do this. It is a clue as to the mindset of someone that witnesses something so horrible it cannot be done by his fellow human; thus, the super predator is born.
In the paranormal and folklore, a loup-garou or werewolf, aka the lycanthrope, is simply a man or woman with the ability to shapeshift into a wolf. This ability can be either entirely under the person’s control or placed on them as a curse. The cycle of each transformation is intimately tied to the phase of the moon. The cursed or gifted person starts having dreams, usually running through the forests and hunting like a primitive animal, a tell-tale sign of the change approach.
The werewolf concept is prominent in European Folklore, there being many variations on the tale through the Christian lens, and taking place during the medieval period as the new world was populated. Hence, the travelers brought with them the stories of men and women that could change into monsters.
The actual belief rose and devolved as a parallel to the tales of witches in the late middle ages. Like the witch figure, the werewolf figure was birthed close the what is now Switzerland. Most of the stories of the wild individuals steaming from the region.
During the period of the middle ages, these paranormal figures were actively hunted. Admittedly the werewolf figure saw much less prosecution than the female witch. The rules to determine a werewolf were more rigid and, as such easier to disprove. The individual just had to wait out a full moon cycle, and he would be cleared of charges. The female counterpart was unjustly forced to either float or sink in the water. So, if they dropped to the bottom and potentially drowned, they were innocent; if they floated, they were guilty of witchcraft and burned at the stake.
The witch hunt phenomena during the early periods showcased the Peter Strumpp situation there; the trial led to a rise in interest in the supposed persecution of werewolves. The cultural interest in it persisted and expanded to Germany, France, Bavaria, and Austria. The persecution and hunting of the supposed wolf charmers were well documented till after 1655.
Once the satanic panic died down and the witch trials ended, the figure of the uncontrolled monster became a source of inspiration to the recent literature trend known as Gothic Horror. Werewolf fiction became renowned and has roots in medieval romances. The horror figure was never out of the public perception, even dawning the pages of pop magazines like the Penny-Dreadful.
“What if all those strange and unexplainable bends in history were the result of supernatural interference? At which point I asked myself, what’s the weirdest most eccentric historical phenomenon of them all? Answer: the Great British Empire. Clearly, one tiny little island could only conquer half the known world with supernatural aid. Those absurd Victorian manners and ridiculous fashions were obviously dictated by vampires. And, without a doubt, the British army regimental system functions on werewolf pack dynamics.”
― Gail Carriger
It originates from the old English word werwulf, a compound word containing wer meaning man and wulf meaning wolf. The term of the concept of the idea of transformation does not give rise to it is found in medieval German poetry and fiction. It starts to gain fame and popularity around the 15th century. Latin sees the phrase perulphus, the Anglo-Norman call it a garwalf, in Old Frankish wairwulf.
The Norse pantheon held a special place for wolves. These figures had great power, and some would even be involved in the ending of the world. The term Varulfur or ulfheonin was given to their warrior that would clearly not shapeshift but be the famous berserk warriors who wore the wolf as a totem to battle. The bear would also share this place of honor as they were both animals in high regard to the Nordic warriors.
Scandinavia found the term kveldulf or night wolf, due to the famed hero Kveldulf Bjalfason, from the 9th century in the Icelandic Sagas. Lycanthropy, the term that refers to changing oneself to a wolf, originates from the ancient Greek originally λυκάνθρωπος lukánthropos. The name Lycanthropy only appears rarely in the medical context when describing patients that present voracious hunger or wolf-like tendencies.
The English use of the Greek term Lycanthropy occurs in the 16th century, presented in the 1584 book The Discoveries of Witchcraft by Reginald Scot, which presented arguments against the existence of shapeshifters. The term found itself in widespread use in 1830 by the medical community for those who believe themselves transformed into wolves and not in any way related to actual transformations or shapeshifting.
“Middling monsters died at the point of pitchforks, burned with torches, or at the butt of silver-capped canes wielded by angry, geriatric Poles. Middling people were dime-a-dozen, emptied souls, shorn sheeple, human husks. A good monster didn’t worry about what it was doing; it just did it. A true predator didn’t worry about guilt, or being popular, or anything. It just cruised along, living for the kill, surviving. A good person, well, she’d put a bullet in her head or weigh her feet down and throw herself into the Chicago River, holding her breath until she went to the sludgy, filthy bottom, and had to open wide and breathe water until she died.”
― D. T. Neal, Saamaanthaa
The term werewolf was usually designated to a warrior or a warrior class predominately present thought the Proto-Indo-European mythology. These fighters were so skilled and proficient at killing they were deemed beyond human. Thus, the term werewolf was used to describe their combat prowess and bloodlust. The noted warrior Dolon is figured utilizing a wolf’s skin to showcase his ferocity. These headdresses were not only prominently displayed for intimidation but to alert the companions of their status in the combat regiment since the military or similar organization was yet to be established.
During the middle ages and the rise of Christianity, the bloodthirsty warrior who was heralded as a hero saw a form of evil; the skilled warrior was now looked upon as cursed by the devil as the only possible explanation for their comportment of the battlefield and off it.
Christianity had a way of adapting existing folklore of the people it encountered and adding it to either god’s side or lucifer in the eternal war. The witch and the wolf were so intertwined in their approach to the church they both became enemies of it.
There are very few references in ancient Greek literature. The stories of Herodotus wrote that the Neuri, a powerful tribe the author placed on the north-east of Scythia. This tribe would then turn into wolves once every year for a week or more. Once the cycle was finished, they would be turned back to their original form. Though, these animalistic forms were void of violence and were not featured as warriors, more like blessed or cursed by the gods.
The Greek geographer Pausanias told the story of King Lycaon of Arcadia, who was changed and cursed by Zeus to a wolf as he had displeased the father god by sacrificing a young child at the altar of Zeus Lycaeus. There are various telling of the same cursed story. One involves Lycaon killing a hostage and trying to feed the man’s intestines and entrails to the god; as punishment, Zeus turns Lycaon into a wolf, though in other Tellings of the same story Lycaon and his children are killed with lightning and thunder.
The punishment for consuming human flesh by turning them into wolves seemed to be a common thread in the Greek myth. There were men who were drawn to the altar of Zeus Lyceus, and there they would consume the flesh of children of whoever was offered as a sacrifice. Zeus would then curse these mortals, and if they abstained from consuming more human meat for nine years, they would be changed back. Some would even become champions of Olympus.
The tale of Damarchus of Parrhasia tells of this event. He consumed from the flesh of a child slain at the altar and was changed into a wolf. He was forgiven for his trespass and was then skilled enough to become a champion of the gods. Pliny the Elder tells the tale of werewolves; in the land of Arcadia, once a year, a man is chosen from the men that make up the clan.
The individual is then escorted to a marsh where he swims across and is then transformed into a wolf. He joins the pack and must spend nine years among them. If he manages to survive and not eat human flesh, he then returns to the marsh, swims back, and is changed once again into a human form. Virgil, the poet, and author of Eclogues, told of the maned known as Moeris. He would collect herbs picked in the native land that he would prepare and would then turn into a wolf.
Christian authors would then start to mention the shapeshifters in their works. The world of Augustine of Hippo gives similar accounts to the Greeks. It also adds that it was generally accepted that witches could turn men into wolves. The change was termed found in the pages of Capitalatun Episcopi. This work would then become the church’s go-to manuscript for most things supernatural.
These type of tales of women turning men into something was a popular gimmick for these pre-middle-age authors. They strived to villainize the female form and power. Seeing men turned into lesser beings under their supernatural control made them enemies of the male-dominated church. Women suffered greatly during these times as they were seen in the roles of enchantresses. Almost indicating that man had no accurate control over his sexual power.
Romans would often refer to werewolves as versipellis or turnskins; they saw the change much like the Greeks and saw them not as monsters, more like individuals challenged by the gods themselves. In Lupin Fuisse mutatum, or changed into a wolf, this term would also see great use during the medieval period throughout Europe.
The great rumor traveled across Europe during this time. Gone was the age of reason, and now superstition and religion dominated the landscape. The northern invaders from the north in England presented the opportunity for great inspiration of their local victims. They were calling the north men possed and monstrous.
To the Mainland, the stories spread from ancient folklore. King Cnut ensured “madly audacious werewolf does not too widely devastate, nor bite too many of the spiritual flock.”
The works of well-known figures at the time claimed at rumors such as Simeon I of Bulgaria could use powerful magics and shapeshift and would frequently assume the form of a wolf. Church and those who practiced were partly to blame for the quick spread of the horrific figure; Augustine of Hippo and his followers produced works describing the werewolf and how a person could be cursed to become one.
Most of the works of fiction were produced by rich patrons intended for the royal or wealthy patrons. These tomes were mostly fictional accountants or folklore presented in a new light. Such famous works were Werewolves of Ossory, which was found in the pages of Topographica Hibernica or included in Gervase of Tilbury’s Otia Imperial. These works were considered apt for the educated and cultured section of society at the time.
These tomes made wild claims and even produced witnesses to the tales. Gervase informs his readers that there is not only lycanthropy to worry about; Women could turn into a feline form and even assume the shapes of snakes or others. His german prose would assure readers that sightings of the actual change had happened in England: Vidimus enim frequenter in Anglia per lunationes homines in lupos mutari.
The evidence and widespread belief in the supernatural could be seen starting to battle with the powerful religious institutions of the time. Conrad of Hirsau forbade the spreading of the stories. He would ban the books and punish those who would tell tales like that of the Ovid.
Burchard Von Worms recorded the German word werwolf in the 11th century as was then re-recorded by Bertold of Regensburg somewhere around the 13th century. However, it is not found in any medieval poetry or fiction in Germany at the time. There might be a discussed trend about the use of the term regarding its intended understanding. Many in England called the shape changers “wolf-men,” so the name from region to region might differ the knowledge of the creature was not up for debate.
These examples are best exemplified and quite ironically by the Christianization of the lands; the chuch tackled the problem of the shape changers. Even Welsh monks managed to record the supposed sighting of female werewolves. By the end of the 13th century, famous works like the Iris Tales of the Elders or the 12-13 century Mabinogion spoke of the wolf people and the dangers they represented.
The notable religious figure Martin Luther used the form beerwolf to describe a cruel ruler, an individual who must be resisted.
Then came the Viking age; these would-be raiders, now a much more organized fighting force lead by Harald I of Norway, came with a powerful army. In his ranks were the Ulfhednar or wolfmen. This force dressed in wolf skins and resemble the now more common hybrid figure of the werewolf. The Ulfednar fighters used these semblances to intimidate and scare their enemies.
Not so out of control as the before encountered berserker’s, the fighters still claim that these totemic dressing gave them supernatural strength and power. Well known for their resistance to pain and external effectiveness in battle, they would take on their enemies headfirst with little fear and were described to be like wild animals. Ulfhdnar and berserkers are two different warrior classes, but both have closed the to the all-father Odin.
The supernatural speed and strength stories that give the werewolf its powers stem from the Scandinavian storytelling traditions. Not only were their werewolves shape changers, but they also possessed the strength to rival mighty heroes. Prince Vseslav of Polotsky was famous for his speeds, and many thought he was, in truth, a werewolf.
The different interpretations of the shapeshifter granted him different strengths and abilities depending on what part of the world he would hail. These tales also showed his creation vastly differing from one region to the other. The German origin of the monster seemed closely tied to witchcraft. Slavic werewolves were more revenant-type creatures more closely associated with dead rising or vampires. The werewolf tales from eastern Europe were more magic-based transformations.
All these different interpretations would greatly influence the Modern telling of the shapeshifter.
While there were multiple reports at the time of attacks performed by wolfmen, and many investigations and trials mostly held in the 16th century France, most of these cases were not related to shape changers; some patients did present evidence of murder and cannibalism, none had anything to do with wolves themselves.
Some accusations like that of Gilies Garnier in Dole, 1573, there was a clear indication of a wolf involved in the victim’s death, but none presented against the accused man. Child-eating werewolf activity was reported as early as 1448 and was a common trope in most witch and werewolf trials. It even became a focal point in one of the Valais witch Trials.
This time brought about the peak of interest in lycanthropy. The early part of the 17th century saw a number of treatises and essays on shapeshifters, primarily written in France based on sighting dating back to 1595 and 1615. Various trials included the sentencing of a teenager accused of being a werewolf in the town of Bordeaux in 1603. In Vaud, a group of werewolves was convicted in 1602. A treatise by the paster in 1653 argues that shapeshifting is merely an illusion.
The 17th century saw massive persecution for witchcraft. England head prosecutor James I of England referred to as warwoolfies as simple victims of sickness and delusion induced or caused by the brain’s illness. The report of the Beast of Gevaudan told the of a wolf-like beast, now known as Lozere, located in the south of France. It terrorized and killed around 80 men, women, and children and was active from 1764 to 1767.
The Holy Roman Empire was particularly interested and active against the lycanthrope and was active since 1650. They were involved in hunting down and bringing many suspected werewolves. They also produced plenty of texts regarding the handling and detecting of the devil brought forth creature.
Until the early 20th century, attacks on humans though few and far between, saw the occasional rumor or speculation. It is most common where large packs of wolves roam the land. These emboldened predators show cunning and guile that honestly terrifies humanity.
A warrior knows death is always a hair’s breadth away, but he doesn’t dwell on the possibility of his death when he goes into battle. A warrior just fights. He fights to protect his family, his home, his people, himself, and often, the good of man. The wolf never gives a passing thought to the possibility of his death. For the wolf, he will fight to the end if need be, solely to defend his territory. Neither of these things are necessarily a reason to enter into battle when you are already weakened. They just are what they are. They live in a warrior’s heart, in a wolf’s heart. And both, for me, are in my heart.”
― D.C. Grace, The Sacred Oath: Book One of The Guardians Series
If being a werewolf is a curse, you’ve got to treat it honorably. If werewolves are going to carry on, there has to be a mighty force. There is the business of the craving, the hunger for the kill. It has to be profoundly pleasurable and more than an appetite for meat. There has to be a sensual dimension to it. Glen Duncan
The attempt to explain the belief of these shapeshifters through history has seen many points of view. The medical focus took on physical symptoms and mental issues as possible explanations as to the ailments that would explain why people would believe this folk story merited any form of belief.
In 1963 Dr. Lee Illis, a resident of Guy’s Hospital in London, wrote On Porphyria 1963. The work titled the Aetiology of Werewolves argues the historical reports of werewolves could potentially have been individuals suffering from congenital Porphyria. Symptoms of the desires would often include elongate reddish teeth, manacle behavior, and psychosis would have been enough for any of these individuals to be accused of being werewolves.
These diseases, known as hypertrichosis or the excessive growth of body hair on the body during an age of superstition, would have been more than enough evidence to accuse an individual of lycanthropy. Down syndrome might have also been a point of misunderstanding and a possible originator for certain aspects of the werewolf myth.
The transmittable disease known as rabies might have been one of the strongest contenders for those accused of behaving like a werewolf. The foaming of the mouth, the violent outbursts, the then progressive hydrophobia might have all been possible symptoms of werewolf-like behavior.
Though many facets of various diseases might explain certain behaviors and physical traits, no one has ever witnessed an actual transformation from one species to the next. While these might explain why people believed why a sick individual would be identified, it boggles the mind they would not await a transformation to confirm their lycanthropy.
“Something inhuman has come to Tarker’s Mills, as unseen as the full moon riding the night sky high above. It is the Werewolf, and there is no more reason for its coming now than there would be for the arrival of cancer, or a psychotic with murder on his mind, or a killer tornado”
Stephen King, Cycle of the Werewolf
Why the wolf?
The wolf was for year one of humanity’s premier enemies. Humankind was not at the top of the food chain till he dominated fire and learned how to use tools efficiently. Armed, he had suddenly become a match for the fanged menace. Even then, wolves were still considered extremely dangerous and, to this day, culled when their population grows too large.
The idea of werewolves themselves has been used to explain the existence of serial killers. Humans were so capable of violence and deeds so foul they must not be human. Even famous killers like Peter Stump, a German farmer, supposed serial killer, and suspected cannibal was nicknamed the Werewolf of Bedburg.
The moon was dragged into the equation as the idea of when the moon is complete gravely affects the tides. Thus, it can also affect man’s mental state—an ideal moment for lunacy to kick in and jump-start certain predatory traits. The moon’s cycle launches a would-be docile man into a killer fury, a transformed individual, barely human.
The rest of the world
While the wolf might not have been spread worldwide, other prominent predators took on the role depending on where on the planet they were located in the regions of Africa where hyenas were present and weretigers, the Americas was beseeched by native tribes, each with their shapeshifters.
The north saw were ravens, wendigo, werebears. Central America and the Mayan empire had their Jaguar men, who were both soldiers and mythical creatures much like those seen in the Viking era with werewolves. South America saw the rise of the alligator-man. These were particularly popular with river tribes. If a particular predator would feed on man, it was usually used for the were-creature.
“I’m a werewolf trapped in a human body.”
“Well, yeah, that’s kind of the definition.”
“No, really. I’m trapped.”
“Oh? When was the last time you shape-shifted?”
“That’s just it – I’ve never shape-shifted.”
“So you’re not really a werewolf.”
“Not yet. But I was meant to be one, I just know it. How do I get a werewolf to attack me?”
Stand in the middle of a forest under a full moon with a raw steak tied to your face, holding a sign that says, ‘Eat me; I’m stupid’?”
― Carrie Vaughn, Kitty and the Midnight Hour
Initially, the term werewolf or lycanthropy covered a plethora of conditions, but medical and supernatural. In the metaphysical realm, the transformation is never fully explained, or it is unclear if the changes are permanent or if it only lasts a few hours. Then there is the gained mass of the transformation; legends tell that the wolf creature hunts the night and fills its belly.
When they change back, they should be swollen and uncomfortable, beardly able to move, yet the werewolf shows no signs of the hunt except being covered in blood or waking up naked in a field. Most of these events are folklore, but these signs were used by the population to explain and identify supposed afflicted lycanthropes.
European folklore tells of physical traits present even in human form that might be used to identify those trying to hide in plain sight. The meeting of eyebrows over the nose, long fingernails, low set or point upward ears, a coordinated swigging stride.
More extreme forms of detection for so-called skin changes included cutting the flesh to reveal fur underneath. These measures considered that the wolf inside was literally hiding beneath the skin.
Accounts from northern Europe told of how these individuals would run on three legs, the third leg being a tail would swing to gain momentum and run faster.
Modern Powers and Abilities
A more modern telling of the werewolf has unified most forktails and has tried to explain away and add to the proposed legends. They now enjoy augmented strength, increased speed, regenerative abilities, spirit communion, enhanced senses, and the ability to shit all the way from a man’s appearance to a wolf. They are now even seen more like a pack animal with families and can function well within society hiding in plain sight. Particular more romantic stories see the wolf form not as that of a man-wolf hybrid but as a man who has entirely changed into a gigantic wolf.
“I’m a werewolf trapped in a human body.”
“Well, yeah, that’s kind of the definition.”
“No, really. I’m trapped.”
“Oh? When was the last time you shape-shifted?”
“That’s just it – I’ve never shape-shifted.”
“So you’re not really a werewolf.”
“Not yet. But I was meant to be one, I just know it. How do I get a werewolf to attack me?”
Stand in the middle of a forest under a full moon with a raw steak tied to your face, holding a sign that says, ‘Eat me; I’m stupid’?”
― Carrie Vaughn, Kitty and the Midnight Hour
There are many ways a person might find themselves running through the woods, hunting down innocents in feral rage. The first type of change might be sprung by taking off the individual’s clothes and then putting on a wolfskin. There are other clothing options, like a belt or a coat; the critical feature has to be animal skin.
There are characters in literature that have another means; many names have access to magical ointments or salves. These salves are made from unknown ingredients, then places on the skin, muscles and bones grow and shift, fur grows, and suddenly they are in wolf form.
Drinking from the footprint of an animal might also spring the change on an unsuspecting. While this method might have been the most obscure path towards the werewolf form, it has been used as a literary and folklore mechanic to have the characters change into monstrous forms.
Demonic pacts also seem to be one of the main methods to change a person who seeks power. The wolf form has a primal form of attraction. This elegant presence or magnetic animal attraction also comes with a price since these pacts are Faustian in nature. The character is turned into a werewolf creature hell-bent on hurting those he perceives as enemies and, worse, the ones he loves.
The consumption of human flesh was another way of becoming a beast. The forbidden act of eating another person was part of the Greek traditions, and Zeus was particularly criticizing the action. He would turn the person into a wolf for nine years, and only if they had not consumed more human flesh could they revert to human form.
Similar to the consumption of human flesh by the Greeks. Christianity sought to punish their perceived mortal sins with the castigation of breaking the rules. Those in league with Satan, even without a pact with the supernatural entity, were prone to be changed. These included witches, sorcerers, and mages. In his writing Restitution of Decayed Intelligence, Richard Verstegen certain sorcerers, who had anointed their bodies with an ointment which they make by the instinct of the devil, and putting on a particularly enchanted girdle, does not only unto the view of others seem as wolves, but to their thinking have both the shape and nature of wolves, so long as they wear the said girdle. And they do dispose themselves as very wolves, in worrying and killing, and most of the humane creatures.
Richard Verstegen – Restitution of Decayed Intelligence
Though seen as a punishment by the benevolent gods upon the wicked, this werewolf form was considered a curse upon those who would dare trespass on the will of the Gods. In the case of Zeus or Saturn, they went as far as changing men for consuming flesh. At the same time, Christianity saw it both as a curse and sometimes a blessing.
Archangels and other members of the choir of heaven were attributed to transforming into any feral form they chose. Many of these took on the condition of wolves. Even certain Christian saints were granted werewolf forms. Omnes Angeli, boni et Mali, ex virtute naturali habent potestatem transmutandi corpora nostra”. This translates to all angels, good and evil have the power to change their form or bodies, as stated by St. Thomas Aquinas.
St. Patrick was claimed to have changed the Welsh King Verticus from man to wolf. More modern interpretations of the tale even see the werewolf referred to as The Hound of God. While most fictional in its premise, it presents the werewolf in the form of a holy warrior. Angels or gods blessed him with the second form to engage in battle with demons.
The notion of a noble werewolf saw fruit in 1692 Jurgensburg, Livonia when Theiss and the 80-year-old man claimed that he and other werewolves were, in fact, the pack. Hounds of God, their duty was to protect the crops from falling into the hands of Satan. Thiess truly believed in his role and stated that when a noble werewolf dies, he is welcome into heaven for his duties while fighting against the armies of satan. He also claimed the werewolf population stretched from Germany into Russia. He was eventually sentenced to 10 lashes due to his superstitious beliefs with charges that included idolatry.
“- Carl: Now, you won’t turn into a werewolf until your first full moon. That’s two days from now. So, we have 48 hours to find a solution. But you’ll still be able to fight Dracula’s hold over you until the final stroke of midnight.
– Van Helsing: Sounds like I have nothing to worry about.
– Carl: Oh, my God, you should be terrified!”
DAVID WENHAM – Carl
HUGH JACKMAN – Abraham Van Helsing
The literature presents various forms to deal with remedying the werewolf curse. The easiest is for those that transformed by wearing wolfs clothing is to remove said cursed dress. Those who were perceived werewolves would be worn out physically by engaging in vigorous exercise throughout the day till they were exhausted. This would be done, hoping the person would be so tired he could not engage in any form of nocturnal activity.
The more traditional European methods of confronting werewolves or those living with lycanthropy were applying wolfsbane, exorcism, or even surgery. The surgery mentioned is not straightforward, though it is assumed it was some form of cranial insition to release the violent spirit. This would often prove fatal.
The Italian and Arabian form of merely striking the werewolf in the forehead with a knife was reported to work; Germans swore a person could scold the werewolf into submission. The Danish belief calling a werewolf three times by its given name would change them back and even cure them.
A devotion or a symbol of St. Hubert was reported to be particularly powerful against all shapeshifters. Lycanthropes in particular.
Germany, Greece, Poland, Northern France, all these countries shared one more horror to the classic story. If the werewolf was not cured but slain, his body had to be destroyed. Otherwise, it would rise from its grave and drink blood. These undead werewolves would stalk battlefields and would return to their corpse form when day broke.
It would take the beheading of the corpse then have the head thrown in the river. The sins on life would weigh down the heat in the water, granting never to rise again.
“She once told him about the mysterious trampled-down places found in fields, which the peasants superstitiously called werewolves’ nests. Coming across one of these sites, she fell to her knees and buried her face in the flattened yellow grasses, hoping to inhale the odor of a werewolf, a csordásfarkas. As if his scent was a charm. She smelled nothing but hay burned by the afternoon sun.”
― Jody Shields, The Fig Eater
The bipedal werewolf or the massive halfway transformation between man and wolf is a modern addition to the traditional werewolf form. It became popular in the movie Wolfman, traditionally man changed into a wolf, and that used to be terrifying enough.
In medieval times the thought of a wolf pack was terrifying enough. Modern audiences have grown accustomed to man being the top predator, that our weapons of war make us a danger to them, not the other way around. In modern times a traditional werewolf would be more of a wild animal problem than an actual threat to a village.
In fact, man has driven certain wolves to the brink of extinction. Through aggressive breeding and sanctuary programs, the population has managed to survive and now thankfully thrives.
As it is referred to in certain pop culture games, the war form sees the shapeshifter gain mass grow, fur, claws, mouth extend, and stay upright. He is suddenly faster and even more vicious than any wolf.
While traditionally werewolves could be put down in many ways, these werewolves’ only weakness was found in silver. The famous silver bullet could kill anything; the material silver is one of the few objects that was considered pure and could obliterate evil in medieval times. It took over the role of wolfsbane as the principal bane against the shapeshifter.
“I let my sword slip to the ground, and for the second time I stood unarmed in the presence of werewolves.
Kresh put his lips to my forehead, and my skin burned beneath his kiss. When his hands repositioned to take me by the waist, my breathing—already shallow—ceased entirely. Then his lips fell on mine and I was suddenly everything he claimed me to be—his mate, his wife, his world.
The taste of him seemed mysteriously new and old at the same time. Every bit of tension eased as if internally I had come home again, and yet a sense of foreignness made our connection a sweet venture. My breast was afire as he continued to grasp my hips, keeping me close. I burned for him as if vampire venom were coursing through every inch of me.
The man was a constellation of suns in my desire, unlike Thaddeus who hardly equaled a speck of stardust. The thought of that coward reminded me of grim news. It took every bit of willpower I possessed to tear my lips away from what they craved, and yet I remained a submissive puddle in this werewolf’s arms.”
― Richelle E. Goodrich, The Tarishe Curse
- Metamorphoses by Ovid
- Satyricon by Petronius
- “Bisclavret” from Lais by Marie de France
- Guillaume de Palerme
- Saga of the Völsungs Sigmund and Sinfjötli
- The Damnable Life and Death of Stubbe Peeter by George Boren (1590)
- Corvetto (1634)
- “The Wehr-Wolf : a legend of the Limousin.” 1828, Tales of an Antiquary, Richard Thompson
- “The Man-Wolf” by Leitch Ritchie 1831
- “Hughes the Wer-Wolf: A Kentish Legend of the Middle Ages” by Sutherland Menzies (1838)
- “Le Loup-garou” (1843, Elie Berthet)
- Wagner the Wehr-Wolf by G. W. M. Reynolds (1848)
- The Wolf Leader (Fr: Le Meneur de loups), Alexandre Dumas, père (1857)
- “The Man-Wolf” (Fr: “Hugues-le-loup“) by Erckmann-Chatrian (1859)
- “Lokis” by Prosper Mérimée (1869)
- The Story of Sigurd the Volsung and the Fall of the Niblungs (1876)
- “The White Wolf of Kostopchin” by Sir Gilbert Campbell (1889)
- “A Pastoral Horror” by Arthur Conan Doyle (1890)
- “The Mark of the Beast” by Rudyard Kipling (1890)
- “The Eyes of the Panther” by Ambrose Bierce (1891)
- The Other Side: A Breton Legend by Count Eric Stanislaus Stenbock (1893)
- The Loup-Garou! collected in Danvis Folks (1894)
- The Were-Wolf by Clemence Housman (1896)
- The Greek Myths by Robert Graves features King Lycaon
- “The Werwolves” (sic) by H. Beaugrand (1898)
- The Black Douglas by S.R. Crockett (1899)
- The Camp of the Dog by Algernon Blackwood (1908)
- Gabriel-Ernest and “The She-Wolf” by Saki (H. H. Munro) (1910)
- The Thing in the Woods by Margery Williams (1913, reprinted in 1924 under the pseudonym “Harper Williams”
- The Door of the Unreal by Gerald Biss (1919)
- Le Loup Garou by Alfred Machard (1920) in French. The English translation is The Wolf Man (1925). Basis for two lost werewolf films (1923 and 1932).
- “Running Wolf” by Algernon Blackwood (1921) is set in the Canadian wilderness and features a spectral native American werewolf.
- “The Phantom Farmhouse” by Seabury Quinn (1923)
- The Werewolf of Ponkert by H. Warner Munn (1925, collected 1958)
- “Wolfshead” by Robert E. Howard is a novelette first published in Weird Tales in April 1926.
- Sudenmorsian by Aino Kallas (1928) is a Finnish werewolf tale translated into English as The Wolf’s Bride by Alex Matson, 1930. It was adapted as an opera by Tauno Pylkkänen.
- The White Robe by James Branch Cabell (1928).
- “The Master of the House” by Oliver Onions (1929)[
- “The Wolf of St. Bonnot” by Seabury Quinn (1930)
- The Wolf in the Garden by Alfred H. Bill (1931) is set in post-Revolutionary New York.[
- “Tarnhelm” by Hugh Walpole (1933)
- The Werewolf of Paris by Guy Endore (1933)
- “Death of a Poacher” by H. Russell Wakefield (1935)
- “The Point of Thirty Miles” by T. H. White (1935)
- The Undying Monster: a Tale of the Fifth Dimension by Jessie Douglas Kerruish (1936)
- Grey Shapes by Jack Mann (Evelyn Charles Vivian) (1937)
- “The Hairy Ones Shall Dance” by Manly Wade Wellman (1938)
- Darker Than You Think, a werewolf classic by Jack Williamson (1940, expanded 1948)
- The White Wolf by Franklin Gregory (1941)
- The Compleat Werewolf by Anthony Boucher (1942) (subsequently republished in an identically-named anthology, of which only the title story involves werewolves)
- “The Kill” by Peter Fleming (1942)
- “The Refugee” by Jane Rice (1943)
- “Eena” by Manly Banister (1947)
- “There Shall Be No Darkness” by James Blish (1950)
- “Wolves Don’t Cry” by Bruce Elliott (1954)
- “The Hunt” by Joseph Payne Brennan (1958)
- Invaders from the Dark by Greye La Spina (1960)
- Three Hearts and Three Lions by Poul Anderson (1961)
- Operation Chaos by Poul Anderson
- “Reflections for the Winter of My Soul” by Karl Edward Wagner (1973)
- “Lila the Werewolf” by Peter S. Beagle (1974)
- “The Hero as Werwolf” by Gene Wolfe (1975)
- Lisa Kane by Richard A. Lupoff (1976)
- The Silmarillion by J.R.R. Tolkien (1977)
- The WolfMan by Carl Dreadstone (1977)
- The Werewolf of London by Carl Dreadstone (1977)
- The Howling (1977) by Gary Brandner and its sequels
- The Nightwalker by Thomas Tessier (1979) features a deranged Vietnam Vet resident in London who transforms into a werewolf.
- Moondeath by Rick Hautala
- “The Company of Wolves”, “The Werewolf” and “Wolf-Alice”,
- Tales of the Werewolf Clan, Volume 1, In the Tomb of the Bishop by H. Warner Munn (1979)
- Tales of the Werewolf Clan, Volume 2, The Master Goes Home (1980)
- “The Book of the Beast” trilogy: The Orphan (1980), The Captive (1981), The Beast by Robert Stallman (1982)
- The Beast Within (1981) by Edward Levy
- Blood Fever (1982) by Kit Reed
- The Discworld (1983-) series by Terry Pratchett
- The Talisman (1983), co-written by Stephen King and Peter Straub,
- The Godforsaken by Chelsea Quinn Yarbro (1983)
- The Wolf’s Hour by Robert R. McCammon (1984)
- Cycle of the Werewolf, an illustrated novel by Stephen King (1983)
- The Dark Cry of the Moon by Charles L. Grant (1986)
- Werewolves by Jane Yolen, ed. (1988)
- Wolf Moon by Charles de Lint (1988)
- The Skin Trade by George R.R. Martin (1989)
- The Manipulator by Dana Brookins (1989)
- Howling Mad by Peter David (1989)
- Moon Dance (1989) by S.P. Somtow
- Tamed by Douglas R. Brown
- The Werewolves of London by Brian Stableford (1990)
- WerewolveSS by Jerry Ahern and Sharon Ahern (1990)
- The Ultimate Werewolf by Harlan Ellison, ed. (1991)
- The Wild (1991) by Whitley Strieber
- Animals (1992) by John Skipp and Craig Spector
- Blood Trail by Tanya Huff (1992) is Volume 2 in Huff’s vampire series. This instalment deals with a werewolf clan.
- Wild Blood by Nancy A. Collins (1993)
- Wolf Kill by Gregg Almquist
- The Anita Blake: Vampire Hunter series (1993 onwards) by Laurell K. Hamilton
- Vampire World 1: Blood Brothers by Brian Lumley (1992)
- Vampire World 2: The Last Aerie (1993)
- Vampire World 3: Bloodwars (1994)
- Necroscope: The Lost Years Volume 1 (1995)
- Necroscope: The Lost Years Volume 2 (1996)
- Thor by Wayne Smith (1994)
- The History of Middle-earth volume II The War of the Jewels (1994)
- Women Who Run with the Werewolves by Pam Keesey (1995)
- Nadya – The Wolf Chronicles by Pat Murphy (1996)
- The Werewolf Chronicles by Rodman Philbrick and Lynn Harnett (1996)
- Return of The Wolfman by Jeff Rovin (1998)
- The Silver Wolf (1998) by Alice Borchardt
- Night of the Wolf (1999)
- The Wolf King
- The Werewolf Book by Brad Steiger (1999)
- Blood and Chocolate by Annette Curtis Klause (1999)
- Touch of the Wolf by Susan Krinard (1999)
- Murcheston: The Wolf’s Tale by David Holland (2000)
- The series Prowlers (2001-2) by Christopher Golden
- Fool Moon by Jim Butcher, book two of The Dresden Files (2001)
- Summer Knight by Jim Butcher, book four of The Dresden Files (2003)
- Bitten by Kelley Armstrong (2001). It was followed by:
- Stolen (2002)
- Broken (2006)
- Frostbitten (2009)
- The Essential Guide to Werewolf Literature by Brian Frost (2003)
- World of the Lupi series by Eileen Wilks (2003–present)
- Van Helsing by Kevin Ryan (2004)
- The Crimson City series by Liz Maverick, Marjorie Liu, Patti O’Shea, and Carolyn Jewel (2005–present)
- Kitty and the Midnight Hour by Carrie Vaughn
- Maximum Ride series by James Patterson
- The Demonata series by Darren Shan (2005-6)
- Frostbite by David Wellington,
- Moon Called by Patricia Briggs (2006)
- Blood Bound (2007)
- Iron Kissed (2008)
- Bone Crossed.
- New Moon, Twilight series by Stephenie Meyer (2006)
- Eclipse (2007)
- Breaking Dawn (2008)
- The Short Second Life of Bree Tanner (2010) tells part of the story of the antagonist of Eclipse; has references to “howler vampires”, who are in fact the Quileute wolves.
- The Wolf Man: Hunter’s Moon by Michael Jan Friedman (2007)
- The Wolfman by Nicholas Pekearo (2009)
- The Southern Vampire Mysteries series by Charlaine Harris
- Club Dead introduces the werewolf character of Alcide Herveaux.
- Werewolf Smackdown: A Novel by Mario Acevedo (2010)
- Overwinter by David Wellington (2010), sequel to Frostbite.
- Jane Slayre by Charlotte Brontë and Sherri Browning Erwin (2010)
- Being Human series by Simon Guerrier, Mark Michalowski and James Gross (2010)
- The Road by Simon Guerrier (2010)
- Chasers by Mark Michalowski (2010)
- Bad Blood by James Gross (2010)
- Grave Expectations by Charles Dickens and Sherri Browning Erwin (2011)
- “A Death by the Sea” by Cooper Renner (2011)
- “A Spurious Death in a Foreign Country” by Cooper Renner (2011)
- The Last Werewolf by Glen Duncan (2011)
- Nochebosque by Juan Carlos Chirinos (2011)
- High Moor by Graeme Reynolds (novel, 2012)
- The Wolf Gift by Anne Rice (novel, 2012)
- Changes: A Werewolf’s Saga Part 1 by Michael Lampman (novel, 2012)
- The Pack: A Werewolf’s Saga Part 2 by Michael Lampman (novel, 2012)
- Redemption: A Werewolf’s Saga Part 3 by Michael Lampman (novel, 2012)
- Wolf Hunter by J.L. Benét (2012)
- The Wanderer Awakens: A Werewolf’s Saga Part 4 by Michael Lampman (novel, 2012)
- City Under the Moon by Hugh Sterbakov (2012)
- The Were-Dwarf by Johnny Mains (2012)
- Hemlock Grove by Brian McGreevy (2012)
- High Moor 2: Moonstruck by Graeme Reynolds (novel, 2013)
- Darkness Rises A Werewolf’s Saga Part 5 by Michael Lampman (novel, 2013)
- Fox Run, the first book in the Madison Wolves series by Robin Roseau (2013), features werewolves and a werefox.
- The Seventh Sons (Sycamore Moon Book 1) by Domino Finn (2014) features werewolf bikers.
- The Blood of Brothers (Sycamore Moon Book 2) by Domino Finn (2014)
- Lycanthropy (Licantropía) by Carles Terès (2012) was the winner of the 2011 Guillem Nicolau Prize.
- Howling Changes by W. Dockemeyer (2015)
- Wulfgard: The Prophecy of the Six, Book I – Knightfall by Maegan A. Stebbins (2015)
- The Happening by d. t. neal (2015)
- High Moor 3: Blood Moon by Graeme Reynolds (novel, 2015)
- The Wolf of Dorian Gray – A Werewolf Spawned by the Evil of Man by Brian S. Ference (2016)
- The Tale of Beren and Lúthien(2017)
- Black Marks by Pete Aldin (2017)
- Leaders of the Pack: A Werewolf Anthology by Ray Garton, Jeff Strand, David Wellington, David Watkins, Thomas Emson, Glenn Rolfe, Graeme Reynolds, Jonathan Janz, Paul Kane, Nick Stead, Matt Serafini, T W Piperbrook (anthology, 2020)
“The wolf had begun hunting human prey. They were plentiful in the dark city streets and provided enough good meat to satiate his gnawing hunger. He was still very careful not to let any who saw him live. To do otherwise would displease the Master. He would only stalk those people that were foolish enough to walk alone in the night”
― Brian S. Ference, The Wolf of Dorian Gray: A Werewolf Spawned by the Evil of Man
- The Werewolf (1913), featured a female Native American werewolf.
- The White Wolf aka The White Hunter (1914) –
- Le Loup Garou (1923), a French silent film based on The Wolf Man,
- Wolfblood: A Tale of the Forest (1925)
- Haunted People (1932)
- Werewolf of London (1935), first film to feature bipedal anthropomorphic werewolves.
- The Face at the Window (1939)
- The Wolf Man (1941), the Universal classic starring Lon Chaney, Jr.
- Frankenstein Meets the Wolf Man (1943)
- House of Frankenstein (1944)
- House of Dracula (1945)
- Abbott and Costello Meet Frankenstein (1948)
- The Mad Monster (1942)
- The Undying Monster (1942) aka The Hammand Mystery
- Le Loup des Malveneur (1943) directed by Guillaume Radot.
- The Return of the Vampire (1943)
- Cry of the Werewolf (1944)
- She-Wolf of London (1946)
- The Werewolf (1956)
- Daughter of Dr. Jekyll (1957)
- El Castillo de los Monstruos (1957)
- I Was a Teenage Werewolf (1957), Michael Landon
- How to Make a Monster (1958)
- La Casa del Terror (1959)
- El Hombre y el Monstruo (1959)
- The Curse of the Werewolf (1961)
- Lycanthropus (1962) aka Werewolf in a Girls’ Dormitory
- Face of the Screaming Werewolf (1964)
- La Loba (1965)
- Dr. Terror’s House of Horrors (1965)
- Mad Monster Party (1967)
- La Marca del Hombre Lobo (1967) –
- Los Monstruos del Terror (1970)
- La Noche de Walpurgis (1971)
- La Furia del Hombre Lobo (1972)
- Dr. Jekyll y el Hombre Lobo (1972)
- El Retorno de Walpurgis (1973)
- Nazareno Cruz and the Wolf (1975)
- La Maldicion de la Bestia (1975)
- El Retorno del Hombre Lobo (1980)
- The Beast Within (1982)
- La Bestia y la Espada Magica (1983)
- Haunted Honeymoon (1986)
- Licántropo (1996)
- Tomb of the Werewolf (2003)
- Return from the Past (1967)
- Blood of Dracula’s Castle (1969)
- Cry of the Banshee (1970) features Vincent Price.
- Werewolves on Wheels (1971)
- Beast of the Yellow Night (1971)
- El Bosque del Lobo (1971)
- O Homem Lobo (1971)
- Mad Mad Mad Monsters (1972)
- Moon of the Wolf (1972)
- The Werewolf of Washington (1973)
- The Boy Who Cried Werewolf (1973)
- The Beast Must Die (1974)
- La Bête (film) (1975) by Walerian Borowczyk,
- Legend of the Werewolf (1975)
- The Werewolf of Woodstock (1975)
- La Lupa Mannara (1976)
- Wolfman (1979)
- Full Moon High (1981)
- The Howling (1981)
- Howling II: Your Sister Is a Werewolf (1985)
- Howling III (1987), the only film to feature marsupial werewolves.
- Howling IV: The Original Nightmare (1988)
- Howling V: The Rebirth (1989)
- Howling VI: The Freaks (1991)
- The Howling: New Moon Rising (1995)
- The Howling: Reborn (2011)
- An American Werewolf in London (1981), directed by John Landis.
- An American Werewolf in Paris (1997)
- Wolfen (1981)
- Monster Dog (1984)
- The Company of Wolves (1984)
- Silver Bullet (1985),
- Ladyhawke (1985)
- Teen Wolf (1985)
- Teen Wolf Too (1987)
- Transylvania 6-5000 (1985)
- The Monster Squad (1987)
- Waxwork (1988)
- Curse of the Queerwolf (1988)
- My Mom’s A Werewolf (1989)
- Mad at the Moon (1992)
- Full Eclipse (1993)
- Wolf (1994)
- Project: Metalbeast (1995)
- Shriek of the Lycanthrope (1995)
- Bad Moon (1996)
- Werewolf (1996)
- Wilderness (1996)
- Tale of The Urban Werewolf (1997)
- The Werewolf Reborn! (1998)
- Lycanthrophobia (1998)
- The Wolves of Kromer (1998)
- Alvin and the Chipmunks Meet the Wolfman (2000)
- Ginger Snaps (2000)
- Ginger Snaps 2: Unleashed (2004)
- Ginger Snaps Back: The Beginning (2004)
- Brotherhood of the Wolf (2001)
- Wolf Girl (Blood Moon) (2001)
- Dog Soldiers (2002)
- Wolves of Wall Street (2002)
- Big Fish (2003) – The character Amos Calloway is revealed to be a werewolf.
- Underworld (2003)
- Underworld: Evolution (2006)
- Underworld: Rise of the Lycans (2009)
- Underworld: Awakening (2012)
- Underworld: Blood Wars (2016)
- Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (2004)
- Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (2007)
- Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (2009)
- Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 2 (2011)
- Van Helsing (2004)
- Tomb of the Werewolf (2004)
- Romasanta: The Werewolf Hunt (2004)
- Cursed (2005),
- The Beast of Bray Road (2005)
- Wallace & Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit (2005)
- Wild Country (2005)
- The Brothers Grimm (2005)
- The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe (2005)
- Big Bad Wolf (2006)
- Bloodz vs Wolvez (2006)
- Lycanthropy (2006)
- The Feeding (2006)
- Blood and Chocolate (2007)
- Curse of the Wolf (2007)
- Skinwalkers (2007)
- The Lycanthrope (2007)
- Trick ‘r Treat (2007)
- The Chronicles of Narnia: Prince Caspian(2008)
- Never Cry Werewolf (2008)
- Dark Moon Rising (aka Wolf Moon) (2009)
- Hammer of the Gods (2009)
- The Haunted World of El Superbeasto (2009)
- War Wolves (2009)
- Wolvesbayne (2009)
- The Wolfman (2010)
- 13Hrs (2010)
- Human (2010)
- Le Poil de la bête (2010)
- Red: Werewolf Hunter (2010)
- Red Riding Hood (2011)
- Dylan Dog: Dead of Night (2011)
- Marianne (2011)
- Cougars (2011)
- Lobos de Arga (Game of Werewolves aka Attack of the Werewolves) (2011)
- Monster Brawl (2011)
- The Cabin in the Woods (2012)
- Dark Shadows (2012) – Carolyn Stoddard is revealed to be a werewolf.
- Hotel Transylvania (2012)
- Hotel Transylvania 2 (2015)
- Hotel Transylvania 3: Summer Vacation (2018)
- Jack & Diane (2012)
- Werewolf: The Beast Among Us (2012)
- A Werewolf Boy (2012)
- Love Bite (2012)
- Battledogs (2013)
- The Mortal Instruments: City of Bones (2013)
- Hunger Unholy (2013)
- Wer (2014)
- Werewolf Terror (aka Iron Wolf) (2014)
- Late Phases (2014)
- Werewolf Rising (2014)
- Wear (2014)
- Torn: A Shock Youmentary (2014)
- In the Shadow of the Moon (2014)
- Wolves (2014)
- WolfCop (2014)
- Another WolfCop (2017)
- Blood Moon (2015)
- Crying Wolf 3D (2015)
- Howl (2015)
- Goosebumps (2015)
- Goosebumps 2: Haunted Halloween (2018)
- Open Season: Scared Silly (2016)
- Dances With Werewolves (2017)
- November (2017)
- Lycan (2017)
- As Boas Maneiras (Good Manners) (2017)
- Bonehill Road (2017)
- Carnivore: Werewolf of London (2017)
- Zombillenium (2017)
- Monster Family (2017)
- Werewolves of the Third Reich (2017)
- Alpha Wolf (2018)
- The Snarling (2018)
- Wildling (2018)
- High Moon (2019)
- Monsterland 2 (2019)
- 100% Wolf (2020)
- The Wolf of Snow Hollow (2020)
- Wolfwalkers (2020)
- Monster Love (TBA)
- The Gathering (TBA)
- The Ghouly Boys (TBA)
- Gladiators vs. Werewolves: Edge of Empire (TBA)
- Hallow Pointe (TBA)
- Growl (TBA)
- Attack of The Lycanthrope (TBA)
- The Lycanthropist (TBA)
- One Starry Night 3D (TBA)
- The Last Exit (TBA)
- Full Moon Fever (Graphic Novel Adaptation, TBA)
- Benighted (TBA)
- Welcome to Hoxford (TBA)
- Steel Moon (TBA)
- The Last Werewolf (TBA)
- Two Wolves (TBA)
- Van Helsing (Reboot, TBA)
“Come baaaaaaack. They’re questioning me about every little thing. I’m breaking Anna. I’m gonna snap and tell them I’m a werewolf and you’re my mate and we have kinky werewolf sex.”
― Mairead Falcon, Not By Blood
- “The Animal” by Disturbed
- “Animal I Have Become” by Three Days Grace
- “Endless possibilities” by Bowling for Soup
- “Curse of the Werewolf” and “Return of the Werewolf” by Timeless Miracle
- “FullMoon” by Sonata Arctica
- “Of Wolf and Man” by Metallica
- “Wolf” by Iced Earth
- “Bark at the Moon” by Ozzy Osbourne
- “Howl” by Bat For Lashes
- “Hombre Lobo” by Eels
- “Hungry Like the Wolf” by Duran Duran
- “Werewolves of London” by Warren Zevon
- “Full Moon” by The Kinks
- “Monster Mash” by Bobby Pickett
- “I Was a Teenage Werewolf” by The Cramps
- “Zomby Woof” by Mothers of Invention
- “Wolfshade“, from the album Wolfheart by Moonspell
- “Full Moon Madness”, from the album Irreligious by Moonspell
- “Lickanthrope“, from the album Alpha Noir / Omega White by Moonspell
- “In the Year of the Wolf” by Motörhead
- “Lycanthropy” by Six Feet Under
- “Lycanthrope” by +44
- “Killer Wolf” by Danzig
- “Lobo Hombre en París” La Unión
- “Wolf Moon” by Type O Negative
- House of God, a concept album by King Diamond
- “Werewolf Hat” by Space Mandino
- “In Rapture By The Fenrir Moon” by Grand Belial’s Key
- Nattens Madrigal, a concept album by Ulver
- “Wolf Like Me” by TV on the Radio
- “Still of the Night” by Whitesnake
- “Midnight Dreams” by Solitude Aeturnus
- “Werewolf” by Cat Power, originally by Michael Hurley
- “American Werewolves in London” by Wednesday 13
- “The Wolfman Stole My Baby” by the Frankenstein Drag Queens from Planet 13
- “The Blackest Incarnation” by The Black Dahlia Murder
- “We’rewolf” by Every Time I Die
- “Lycanthropy” by Fear Before
- “Lycanthropy” by Patrick Wolf
- “She Wolf/Loba” by Shakira
- “Alive” by Kid Cudi
- “You Took the Words Right Out of My Mouth” by Meat Loaf
- “I’m a Werewolf, Baby” by The Tragically Hip
- “Das Tier in mir” (“The Animal inside of me”) by E Nomine
- “Werewolf” by Five Man Electrical Band
- “Howl” by Florence and the Machine
- “Hijo de la Luna” (“Son of the Moon”) by Mecano
- “Cry for the Moon” by Epica
- “Cry Wolf” by Venom
- “Lycanthropy” by G.B.H.
- “Therianthropy” by Septicflesh
- Many of the songs from the band Powerwolf
- The Last Werewolf (2011, Six Degrees Records / Crammed Discs)
- “Werewolf” by Cocorosie
- “Hunted” by Device (metal band)
- “Impossible” by Something for Kate
“It should be noted, as with so many legends and popularly accepted truths created out of political motivation: There, in fact, is no evidence that the hundreds of murders historically attributed to the werewolves of Gévaudan were actually caused by wolves. As with all witchhunts, the endless battle against ignorance requires one to always keep an open mind and sharp wits when considering such rumors – especially the rumors we choose to enjoy.”
― Zeena Schreck, Beatdom #11: The Nature Issue
- Moon of the Wolf (1972)
- Scream of the Wolf (1974)
- The Halloween That Almost Wasn’t (1979)
- The Adventures of a Two-Minute Werewolf (1985)
- Scooby-Doo and the Ghoul School (1988)
- Scooby-Doo and the Reluctant Werewolf (1988)
- House of Frankenstein 1997 (1997)
- The 10th Kingdom (2000),
- Wolf Girl (2001)
- Nature of the Beast (2007)
- The Boy Who Cried Werewolf (2010)
- The Scary Godmother films feature Harry the Werewolf.
“I looked over at the others. “Anyone have tree-climbing issues?”
Obviously Ash and I didn’t. Daniel, Hayley, and Corey said they’d be fine. Chloe hoped she would—she had gymnastics training. Mr. Bae joked that it would be his first time in a couple of decades. Derek said nothing.
“It looks like I’ll be the guy doing the distracting. I’m not trusting a tree branch to hold me.”
“You’re not playing decoy,” Chloe said. She turned to us. “I’m sorry. I know that sounds like a cop-out, but he really can’t. The last time we were in a fight against the St. Clouds, the orders were to tranq all of us except Derek. For him, it was shoot to kill. They don’t trust werewolves.”
“I think they’ve calmed down,” Derek said. “They’ve been watching us for months and haven’t tried to assassinate me yet.”
Chloe put her hands on her hips. “And that’s your definition of acceptance? Not going out of their way to kill you?”
― Kelley Armstrong, The Rising
- The Munsters (1964) –
- Dark Shadows (1968) –
- The Hilarious House of Frightenstein (1971)
- Kolchak: The Night Stalker (1974)
- Monster Squad (1976)
- Werewolf (1987)
- She-Wolf of London (1990-1991)
- Goosebumps (1995-1998)
- The Nightmare Room (2001-2002)
- Wilderness (1996)
- Buffy the Vampire Slayer (1997-2003)
- Big Wolf on Campus (1999)
- Wolf Lake (2001)
- Power Rangers: Wild Force (2002)
- Power Rangers Jungle Fury (2007-2008)
- Supernatural (2005–present)
- Wizards of Waverly Place
- Being Human (2008-2013)
- Kamen Rider Kiva (2008)
- Lobo (2008)
- Demons (2009)
- Sanctuary (2008-2011)
- Werewolves: The Dark Survivors
- Lost Tapes
- R. L. Stine’s The Haunting Hour: The Series
- True Blood (2008-2014)
- The Vampire Diaries (2009-2017)
- Imortal (2010-2011)
- Teen Wolf 2011
- Once Upon a Time,
- Becoming Human (2011)
- Wolfblood (2012-2017)
- Hemlock Grove (2013-2015)
- The Originals (2013-2018)
- Penny Dreadful (2014-2016)
- Bitten (2014-2016)
- La Luna Sangre (2017)
- Love, Death & Robots (2019)
- The Order (2019)
“Nick stands behind me. He puts a hand on my waist.
I yank in a breath. The world seems to swirl around me.
“Are you going to faint?” he asks.
I back into him and blurt, “But you’re so cute. Werewolves aren’t supposed to be cute. Vampires are, I think. They are in the movies. But the werewolves are pretty much ugly and they wear leather jackets and are all dirty with these monster sideburns.”
“That’s all you have to say? That I’m cute?” He takes a stray piece of my hair and curls it around his fingers. “Most people faint or shriek or never talk to me again.”
― Carrie Jones, Need
- Groovie Goolies (1970)
- Fangface (1978)
- Drak Pack (1980)
- Teen Wolf (1986)
- The Comic Strip (1987)
- Gravedale High (1990)
- The Animaniacs episode “Moon Over Minerva”
- Gargoyles (1994-1996)
- Monster Force (1994)
- Popeye the Sailor
- Johnny Bravo
- Road Rovers
- Darkstalkers (1997)
- Cybersix (1999)
- Wolf’s Rain
- Codename: Kids Next Door
- Final Fantasy: Unlimited,
- Rosario + Vampire (2008)
- Dan Vs.
- Monster High
- Ben 10
- Atomic Betty
- Ultimate Spider-Man
- PJ Masks
- OK K.O.! Let’s Be Heroes –
- Marvel’s Spider-Man
- Rapunzel’s Tangled Adventure
“She was foolish to be walking alone at this ungodly hour when demi-gods like himself roamed in search of prey. He would pick this flower, uproot her from the soil. He would part her from her source of life. Her head, hands, and feet were the soft petals, her blood the sweet nectar. She walked by him, ignorant of the brutality that would soon befall her.”
― Asher Sharol, Vampires of Twilight Castle
- Altered Beast
- The Beast Within: A Gabriel Knight Mystery,
- Bloody Roar
- Boktai 2: Solar Boy Django,
- Castlevania: Legacy of Darkness
- Defense of the Ancients
- Diablo II: Lord of Destruction,
- Diablo III
- Discworld Noir
- Double Dealing Character,
- Dragon Age: Origins
- Dungeons and Dragons,
- The Elder Scrolls II: Daggerfall
- The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim
- Final Fantasy V
- Final Fantasy VI
- Golden Sun: The Lost Age
- Heroes of the Storm,
- Killer Instinct,
- League of Legends
- The Legend of Zelda: Twilight Princess
- Lego Harry Potter: Years 1-4,
- The Lord of the Rings: The Battle for Middle-earth II: The Rise of the Witch-king
- Metamorphic Force,
- Night Life (Stellar Games, 1990), a game by L. Lee Cerny and Bradley K. McDevitt, has three editions to date, a few supplements.
- Ninja Gaiden 2
- Ogre Battle: March of the Black Queen
- Operation Darkness,
- Ōkami Kakushi
- Puyo Puyo and Madou Monogatari
- Rage White Wolf, Inc., 1995
- Seiken Densetsu 3
- Silverfall,In The Sims 2 Pets expansion pack,
- The Sims 3: Supernatural
- Sly 3 Honor Among Thieves,
- Sonic Unleashed, Sonic
- Star Ocean: First Departure
- Suikoden II,
- Tales of the Tempest,
- Weird Wars
- WarioWare: Touched!,
- Werewolf: The Apocalypse
- Werewolf: The Forsaken
- Werewolf: The Last Warrior (1990)
- The Witcher video game series
- World of Warcraft
“The original Gothic horror tales focused on personalities deformed through loneliness. Ghouls, vampires, werewolves: all made, not born. But the isolation? Are even such as these ever truly alone? Perhaps the psyche has always been more complex than that, desire eternally more potent than terror. Surely, none prowl entirely in solitude.”
― Robert Dunbar, Martyrs and Monsters
- Tales from the Crypt – “Curse of the Full Moon!”, “By the Fright of the Silvery Moon!”, “Concerto For Violin and Werewolf”, and “Upon Reflection”.
- The Haunt of Fear “The Secret”.
- The Vault of Horror – “Werewolf”, “Werewolf Concerto”, and “The Beast of the Full Moon!”
- Creepy – “Pursuit of The Vampire!”, “Wardrobe of Monsters!”, “Creepie’s Loathsome Lore: Werewolves“, “Howling Success!”, “Curse of The Full Moon!”, “Revenge of the Beast!”, “Duel of the Monsters!”.
- Adventures Into Darkness – Stories that feature Werewolves:
- House of Mystery – Stories That Feature Werewolves:
- Werewolf By Night
- Robert Demos is the less-than-intelligent werewolf lackey of Dan Sethos in Darkness Within.
- The Astounding Wolf-Man –
- High Moon
- Weird War Tales
- Beasts of Burden –
- Moonlit Brew